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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

PAEGANA CHHlTX.                                                375
oŁ the Bharat-pnr Rajas. The handsome house -which he built for himself is now
unoccupied, and to a great extent in ruins; and the very large masonry tank which
adjoins it was left unfinished at his death and has never since been completed.
The word Sahar would seem to have been originally either Sabha-ra, or Sabha-pnr.
Probably the latter; for in the Mainpuri district there is a place called Sahawar,
which is clearly for Sabha-pur, and from which to Sahar the transition is an
easy one. The township is divided into two tholes, the one of Brahmans, the
other of Muhammadans, and the latter have four small mosques and a dargan.
The Government demand under the present settlement is (including nazul)
Bs. 5,392, collected by 16 lumberdars. Part of the land has been transferred
by the old proprietors to the two Dhusar families that have been seated here
for some generations and are really the principal people in the place. In the
town are several old houses with carved stone gateways of some architectural
pretension; also a tank, with two masonry ghats, called Mahesar-kund,,another
known as Mamk-Das-wala-kund, and a small ruined temple of Baladeva.
There are a police station, a post-office, a weekly market held on "Wednesday, and
a very well attended primary school. For the accommodation of (the latter I
had a large and substantial building erected, in the form of a double corridor,
arched and vaulted, running round three sides of an open square, with a low
wall and central gateway on the fourth side or front. The cost was Bs. 1,858.
The Agra Canal runs close to the town and is bridged at the point where it
crosses the Gobardhan road. It would have been much better to have diverted
the road and so brought the bridge, "which is now a mile away, nearer to the
town. As matters stand at present, the canal, instead of being a blessing, is an
intolerable nuisance. On account of the depth of its bed and the absence of
any distributary, no water can be had from it for irrigation, while some hundreds
of acres that used to be close to their owners' doors can now be reached only
after a circuit of some three miles, and are, of course, very mucli lowered in
value.
In the mutiny there was no disturbance here except that the lock-up was
broken open, a suspected rebel let loose, and the patwari's- papers seized and
destroyed.
A short time ago a dispute arose between the Muhammadaias and the Hin-
diis as to the possession of a site on which they wished to erect, the one party a
mosque, the other a temple. The real fact, as afterwards more clearly appeared,
was that the Hind as had originally a temple there, which the Muhammadans
had thrown down and built a mosque over it. This, too, tad fallen^ and the